USA Immigration- A Guide to American Immigration

March 20, 2014 -Immigration to USA has remained a crucial factor for the growth of United States as a whole. Citizens of other countries coming to the USA need to obtain USA Visas that are issued at US consulates and embassies world over. USA visas are divided into two main types of visas- Immigrant Visas and Non-Immigrant Visas. Someone desirable of American immigration (wishing to live permanently in the USA) must have an Immigrant Visa. Others who wish to stay temporarily in US must have Non-Immigrant Visa.

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Types of USA Immigration

For immigration to USA, one must obtain an immigrant visa. The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) of USA states that a permanent resident status of USA can be obtained mainly through the following proceedings which can be quoted as types of USA immigration.
  • USA immigration through a family member
  • USA immigration through employment or investment
  • USA immigration through the Diversity Lottery
  • USA immigration through Refugee or asylum status


USA Immigration Requirements

Family Sponsored USA Immigration- A permanent resident of USA can sponsor his/her immediate relatives that include spouses, minor children & parents for obtaining US Citizenship. A US citizen must be at least 21 years of age in order to sponsor his or her parents. Married as well as unmarried sons and daughters as also brothers and sisters of adult US citizens are eligible for family sponsored USA immigration according to the American immigration laws and annual quotas. 
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Employment Based USA Immigration- Many priority workers, professionals and other workers are eligible for American immigration. There are three subcategories for priority workers.

  • Foreign nationals having extraordinary ability in sciences, arts, education, business, or athletics.
  • Foreign nationals who are outstanding professors or researchers with at least 3 years of experience in teaching or research and who are recognized internationally.
  • Foreign nationals who are managers and executives subject to international transfer to the United States.

Apart from the priority workers, professionals having advanced degrees such as Ph.D., master's degree, or at least 5 years of progressive post-baccalaureate experience or persons of exceptional ability in sciences, arts, or business are also eligible for employment USA immigration. Certain special immigrants like ministers, religious workers, current or former US government workers, investors can also obtain this type of American immigration other than skilled workers, professionals, and other workers. 

Diversity Immigration to USA- Under the Diversity Immigrant Visa program, the United States Permanent Resident Card- famous by name of Green card- is issued to those who want to migrate to USA. Green card is an identity card that proves US permanent residence status. Green card is the easiest way for USA immigration. A native of any eligible country can apply for obtaining a USA green card. The applicants should have high school education or equivalent experience. The State Department of United States of America is authorized to receive and process the green card applications through US Green Card Lottery. Diversity Visa Lottery programme aims at making immigration to United States available to diverse cultural and ethnic groups in a balanced way. Every year US government issues 50,000 green cards authorizing the Green Card Lottery winners and their families to live and work in the United States. 
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Asylum in the United States- The United States grants asylum to individuals as specified by international and federal law. A specified number of legally defined refugees, applying for asylum either overseas or after arriving in the US are admitted annually to America. A refugee is a person who is outside his or her country of nationality and owing to a fear of persecution on account of a protected ground (race, nationality, religion, political opinion and membership of a particular social group), is unable or unwilling to avail himself of the protection of the state. 

USA Immigration Process

Any person desirable of USA immigration has to present petition to the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services to allow the beneficiary to apply for an immigrant visa. If approved, the petition is forwarded to the National Visa Center for further processing. The National Visa Center provides instructions related to forms, fees and other required documents to complete the visa application for USA immigration.